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Canadian researchers are among the world's best-known advocates of access to information in the Internet age. (See Steven Harnard's website on OA.) As a medical librarian, I have witnessed a number of paradigm shifts in access over the course of my career, especially those related to digital access on the Internet starting in the mid-1990s.
Three trends that changed how we search for and use information in medicine are: 1) open access to MEDLINE searching through the PubMed interface in 1995-1996; 2) the use of Google, Google scholar, Yahoo and MSN Live Search to get into medical literature in 1998-2004 and 3) the rise of open access (OA) as a philosophy and model of information dissemination (1990s-present).
A number of people this week at the CHLA/ABSC Conference were asking about open access and the underpinning philosophies of the OA movement. OA principles were initially articulated in a series of international declarations, notably:
- Budapest Open Access Initiative (2002)
- Bethesda Statement on Open Access (2003)
- Berlin Declaration on Open Access to Knowledge in Science and the
- Salvador Declaration on Open Access (2005)
For more information about open access, see the UBC Health Library Wiki entry.
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